Depth and Complexity
Depth and Complexity
Dr. Sandra Kaplan’s framework of depth and complexity emphasizes the differentiation of the core curriculum and provides teachers with tools to organize the curriculum in a way that is effective, efficient, and productive. Complexity can be defined as the means by which knowledge is extended or broadened. The dimensions of Depth provide teacher and students the opportunity to dig deeper into the curriculum.
We are using Sandra Kaplan's Model for Differentiation that has become synonymous with a definition of academic challenge for gifted students.The following are Kaplan's applications for achieving depth:Language of the disciplines refers to learning the specific specialized and technological terms associated with a specific area of study or discipline.Details refer to the learning of the specific attributes, traits, and characteristics that describe a concept, theory, principle, and even a fact.Patterns refer to recurring events represented by details.Rules refer to the natural or person-made structure or order of things that explain the phenomena within an area of study.Trends refer to the factors that influence events.Unanswered questions refer to the ambiguities and gaps of information recognized within an area or discipline under study.Big ideas refer to the generalizations, principles, and theories that distinguish themselves from the facts and concepts of the area or discipline under study.Ethics refer to the generalizations, principles, and theories that distinguish themselves from the facts and concepts of the area or discipline under study.The following are the applications of complexity:Over time refers to the understanding of time as an agent of change and recognition that the passage of time changes our knowledge of things.Points of view refer to the concept that there are different perspectives and that these perspectives alter the way ideas and objects are viewed and valued.Disciplinary connections (across the disciplines) refer to both integrated and interdisciplinary links in the curriculum. Disciplinary connections can be made within, between, and among various areas of study or disciplines.
adapted from Joyce Little