Comprehensive Needs Assessment (CNA) ProcessCNA DocumentsCNA ResourcesHow do you conduct a comprehensive needs assessment (CNA)?
1. Meet with the Campus Leadership Team (CLT).
a. Explain WHY campuses do the CNA. (Successful schools are more than a state assessment scores. Successful schools address all areas of the school that have impact on student achievement.)
- This step CANNOT be taken for granted or skipped. I’ve been on campuses where the WHY was well established and teachers were not only eager to learn of the part of the CNA in which they contributed, but were eager to learn of the other areas as well. I’ve been on others where teachers said they were handed this document without any support and said they just wrote stuff down because the district said so.
- There’s a “training manual” developed by Region 20 as well as the initial ½-day training.
b. Consider the best approach. Options may include:
i. Option 1:
1. With the CLT, model how the process will work using 1 of the 4 areas (Demographics, Student Learning, Pererptions and Processes and programs.
2. Using at least 3 predetermined questions from the guiding questions, which are posted at below, the principal should choose the questions that NEED to be addressed, not the 3 “easiest” questions to be addressed), provide the data to support the questions.
a. For example, if addressing Perceptions, using this question, “How do parents and the community view the climate and culture of the district and campuses? Summarize any climate and culture survey reports.” the leader would provide responses from a recent parent/student survey and the responses from the staff on the same survey.
3. As a CLT, review the available data and determine the strengths, needs, and summary of needs.
a. For example, the number of discipline referrals last year was 20% as identified during last year’s CNA. Last year, it was determined it to be a need. Measurable its wildly important goals (WIGs) and Lead strategies were developed to address the number of discipline referrals. The results of the initiatives were reexamined in spring CLT meeting comparing data (i.e. 12% this year as compared to 20% last). In the current CNA process, strengths and needs are noted and the summary of needs reflects how the campus will proceed and if this will continue to be addressed in the campus improvement plan (i.e the campus could rewrite the target from 12% to 8% or determine to continue to do what is working and focus WIGs in another area.)
4. Allow (or assign) CLT members to lead 1 of the 3 remaining areas with each member leading a representative group (made up of teachers from other grade levels, other content areas, etc.) through the process.
5. Have each CLT member lead a review of the data in his/her assigned area and determine the strengths, needs, and summary of needs using the guiding questions.
6. Have the CLT member record the results on a google doc to be transferred to Plan4Learning.
7. Meet with the entire CLT to review all 4 areas of the CNA to determine the problem statements, identify what is within the circle of influence of the campus (as opposed to the circle of concern (i.e. if the Staff Quality group identifies that more teachers should be hired to reduce class size, it may be in the circle of concern, but not in the circle of influence as staffing formulas are dictated by the district).
8. Enter the final draft of the CNA into the Plan4Learning website.
9. Using the CNA, the CLT determines the Performance Objectives and Strategies for the CIP and enters the final draft into the Plan4Learning website.
ii. Option 2:
1. With the CLT and/or a representative body or with the entire staff, conduct a gallery walk.
a. Post at least 3 predetermined questions from the guiding questions for each of the 4 areas around the room on chart paper along with supporting data.
b. Have all rotate through each of the 4 stations answering the 3 guiding questions at each station using the data to support answers.
c. Record the results on google doc (either handwritten or typed).
d. Meet with the entire CLT to review all 4 areas of the CNA to determine the problem statements, identify what is within the circle of influence of the campus (as opposed to the circle of concern (i.e. if the Staff Quality group identifies that more teachers should be hired to reduce class size, it may be in the circle of concern, but not in the circle of influence as staffing formulas are dictated by the district).
e. Enter the final draft of the CNA into the Plan4Learning website.
f. Using the CNA, the CLT determines the Perfance Objectives and Strategies for the CIP and enters the final draft into the Plan4Learning online template.