Program for Students with Visual ImpairmentsSandra Hensley, Supervisor1212 Bolivar StreetDenton, Texas 75201(940) 369-4084Services for Students with Visual Impairments include but are not limited to:
- Large Print
- Optical Devices
- Orientation & Mobility - safe and independent travel skills
- Typing/Keyboarding Skills
- Low Vision Efficiency Training
- Adaptive Devices
- Social Skills
- Listening Skills
- Daily Living/Self Help Skills
- Career Readiness
- Self Advocacy
Visual Impairment related websites:
EducationalService Center 11: www.esc11.net/Depart/visual
Texas Education Agency: www.tea.state.tx/special.ed/
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired: www.tsbvi.edu
American Foundation for the Blind: www.afb.org
American Council for the Blind: www.acb.org
National Federation for the Blind: www.nfb.org
National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments: www.spedex.com/napvi/
Louis Braille,blind at the age of 3, he accidentally stabbed himself in one eye with a toolfrom his father's workshop. After an infection set in and spread to the othereye, he was blind in both eyes. At the age of 10, Braille earned a scholarshipto the Royal Institution for Blind Youth in Paris. He was served stale breadand wate. Other students were sometimes abused or locked up as a form ofpunishment. At the school, children were taught basic craftsman skills andsimple trades. They were taught how to read through a raised letter system thestudents felt with their fingertips. The raised letters were made using paperpressed against copper wire. The letters weighed a lot. Many students neverlearned to write. Whenever people published books using this system, the bookwas published with multiple stories in one binding. The books often weighedwell over a hundred pounds. The school Braille attended only had 14 books.Louis read every book.
In 1821,Captain Barbier in the French Army, visited the school to show the children hisinvention, called "Night writing." This writing was a set code of 12raised dots and a number of dashes. The code allowed soldiers to sharetop-secret information on the battlefield without having to speak. The code wastoo difficult for Louis to understand, and he later changed the number ofraised dots to 6 to form what we today call Braille. The six-dot system allowedthe recognition of letters with a single fingertip apprehending all the dots atonce, requiring no movement or repositioning which slowed recognition insystems requiring more dots. The most notable aspect of the six-dot system wasbeing the ability to both read and write an alphabet. Braille later extendedhis system to include notation for mathematics and music.
Braille, was abright and creative student, became a talented cellist and organist in his timeat the school. He played the organ in churches all over France. Braille becamea well-respected teacher at the Institute. He died in Paris of tuberculosis in1852 at the age of 43. Although he was admired and respected by his pupils, hisbraille system was not taught at the Institute during his lifetime. His systemwas finally, officially recognized in France two years after his death, in1854.
Information from: Available online @http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Braille
Freedman, R. (1997). Out ofdarkness. The story of Louis Braille. Clarion Books, New York.