Orientation and Mobility
Orientation and Mobility (O&M) is a profession specific to blindness and low vision that teaches safe, efficient, and effective travel skills. Orientation refers to the ability to know where you are and where you want to go, whether you're moving from one room to another, or walking downtown for a shopping trip. Mobility refers to the ability to move safely, efficiently, and effectively from one place to another, such as being able to walk without tripping or falling, cross streets, and use public transportation.
An O&M Specialist provides instruction that can help develop or re-learn the skills and concepts needed to travel safely and independently within the home and in the community. O&M Specialists in Denton ISD teach infants and children in pre-school and school programs in a variety of settings.
A Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist (COMS) must adhere to a professional Code of Ethics and demonstrate knowledge and teaching skills in the following areas:
- Sensory development, or maximizing all senses to help individuals know where they are and where they want to go
- Using senses in combination with self-protective techniques and human guide techniques to move safely through indoor and outdoor environments
- Using a cane and other devices to walk safely and efficiently
- Soliciting and/or declining assistance
- Finding destinations with strategies that include following directions and using landmarks and com
- pass directions
- Techniques for crossing streets, such as analyzing and identifying intersections and traffic patternsProblem-solving skills to determine what to do if they are disoriented or lost or need to change they route
- Using public transportation and transit systems.